Sioux County was named for the Sioux Native American tribe, once prosperous in the Iowa and Minnesota area. Sioux means “little snake.”
The first courthouse was a 1½ story log structure built in Calliope, with portholes similar to a fort for protection.
The county seat moved to Orange City in 1872. A frame building was erected, but after 20 years was too small to meet the needs of the growing county.
In 1904 a Romanesque courthouse designed by Wilfred Beach was completed using red and buff colored sandstone. It features a six-story clock tower topped by a statue of Justice. The Sioux County courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
Visit the Sioux County web site for more information.
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